During and after the Heian period, a unique Japanese style of architecture developed called Wayo Kenchiku (Japanese-style architecture).
Japanese architecture (日本建築, Nihon kenchiku) has been typified by wooden structures, elevated slightly off the ground, with tiled or thatched roofs.
However, a defining feature of Japan’s architectural culture is its ability to assimilate the styles and trends of others. Japanese architecture has often been typified by elevated wooden structures, tiled roofs and sliding doors.
They are important, not only for their attractiveness but for their role in the structure. Japanese architecture is made up of four types of roofs: kirizuma (gabled roof), yosemune (hipped roof), irimoya (hip-and-gable roof), and hogyo (square pyramidal roof).
Japan’s Shinto and Buddhist beliefs influenced architecture right down to the residential level, with buildings reflecting a strong emphasis on humans’ relationship with nature. This is evident in the focus on natural light in old houses, as well as the use of wood in its raw form.
Minka, or traditional Japanese houses, are characterized by tatami mat flooring, sliding doors, and wooden engawa verandas. Another aspect that persists even in Western-style homes in Japan is the genkan, an entrance hall where people remove footwear
Simplicity, functionalism, straightforward expression of materials and construction, geometric composition devoid of superficial ornamentation, standardization of parts, unity of house and garden — these are the elements which make up Japanese architectural beauty.